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LED Spotlight bulbs

LED spotlight bulbs are much more energy-efficient than incandescent or halogen spotlight bulbs and last a lot longer too. The most common pin connectors are GU10 and GU5.3 (aka MR16) that operate on 230V or 12V, respectively. LED spotlights are very versatile and can be used for general or accent lighting, depending on things like the beam angle, the CRI (colour rendering index) and the colour temperature of the bulb. If you want to be able to dim your LED spotlights, make sure to choose dimmable LED spotlight bulbs. If you like the way your current spotlighting looks, choose LED spotlight bulbs with similar specifications to your existing ones.

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Why LED spotlights instead of halogen?

Since September 2018, there has been an EU ban on halogen, which means that the production of halogen bulbs has been stopped. Only the remaining stock may still be sold. The reason for this phasing out is the increasing demand for energy efficiency. Below are some of the advantages that you will experience when making the switch to long-life LED:

  • LED spotlights consume 90% less energy than halogen, and that saves you money!

  • You are not exposed to any heat emissions, because LEDs do not emit any heat. It doesn't matter how long or strong they shine.

  • LED lighting is completely flicker-free; this also applies to spotlights, of course.

  • LED alternatives have a service life that is up to 10 times longer. This reduces the maintenance and replacement costs enormously!
    LEDs are completely harmless, as they do not contain any toxic substances.

  • Changing to LEDs is a sustainable step, since the production of modern light-emitting diodes requires less CO2 and the light sources themselves are recyclable.

A detailed comparison between the two light sources can be found in our blog article 'LED vs. halogen'.

 

How can I replace my halogen spot by LED?

Would you like to replace your energy-guzzling halogen spot by an environmentally friendly LED? Great! The change is quite simple. You just need to know which base and voltage your previous spot has. You will find suitable filters for both. In addition, you can also search for the wattage that your new LED spot has to replace.

Do bear in mind that halogen spots have a standard warm white light colour (2700K - 3000K), whereas LED spots have a much wider range of light colours (1800K - 6500K). Would you like to buy a spotlight with the same light colour as your old bulb? We recommend replacing 2700K bulbs with a dim-to-warm LED spot (can switch between 2200 - 2700K) and a 3000K halogen spot with a 2700K LED replacement.

 

What is the difference between LED spots and LED built-in spots?

LED spots include all the spots that have to be placed in a light fitting. These spots are available in various fittings: GU10, GU5.3, G53, GU4, GX53, PAR E27 and Reflector spots. Recessed spots, on the other hand, are actual luminaires. These can be LED integrated light sources or housings for LED spotlights. You can view all spot luminaires here.

 

How do I determine which LED light source I need?

Are you planning to install LED spotlights in your company or home? There are three points to consider here:

  • What will the space be used for, recreation or work? This determines the most suitable light colour.
  • Will the spot be used for general or supporting lighting? Here you look at the angle of the beam.
  • Do rooms have an important colour function? This is important for colour rendering.

 

Which colour of LED spotlights should I choose?

LED spotlights are available in many different colour temperatures. Depending on the intended use, you can choose the right light colour. At Lampdirect, you have the choice of:

Extra-warm white (2700K) - This colour is best used in places where a cosy and comfortable atmosphere is desired. The LED spotlights are ideal for use in the hospitality industry and rooms in homes, including living rooms and bedrooms.

Warm white (3000K) - Spotlights with this colour temperature have a neutral but pleasant warm white appearance. They are used in retail, halls, receptions, canteens, waiting rooms, living rooms, kitchens etc.

Cool white (4000K) - The neutral, cool white light colour improves concentration and vision. Therefore, cool white light sources are often used in offices, warehouses, retail and other workplaces.

Daylight white (6500K) - An LED spotlight with a daylight white light colour can be used where concentration and vision are of great importance. Daylight white light offers the greatest contrast between colours and is often used in healthcare, drawing rooms and paint shops.

Dim-to-Warm (1800 - 2700K or 2200 - 2700K) - These spotlights have a flexible light colour, allowing switching from 2700K light to 2200K or 1800K light and everything in between. This is useful for rooms with various activities, such as hotels, restaurants and homes.

 

What beam angle do I need?

LED spotlights are available in various radiation angles. These indicate the spread of the light in degrees (°/D). You choose the angle depending on the purpose of the light source.

  • 8° - 24°: A LED spot with a narrow beam is optimal for illuminating objects, such as putting a spotlight on a painting or sculpture.
  • 25° - 40°: This beam angle is suitable for accent lighting in shops, restaurants, homes and businesses, but also for highlighting surfaces or objects.
  • 41° - 90°: Light sources with this beam angle effectively illuminate corridors, halls and narrow and/or small rooms, but they can also serve as supplementary lighting.
  • 91° or greater: This wide angle beam is ideal for general lighting in a room.

 

What does the colour rendering of a light source mean?

The colour rendering (CRI) of an LED lamp indicates the extent to which colours in lamp light differ from the same colours in natural daylight. LED spotlights have a standard CRI of 80-89Ra or 90-99Ra. The difference between the two is that light sources with a 90-99Ra reproduce colours perfectly. If you place LED spotlights in, for example, an art gallery, a clothing shop or a supermarket, you can be sure that colours of artworks or goods are correctly displayed. Perfect colour rendering is therefore recommended for areas where colours contribute to the buying behaviour of consumers or impressions of visitors.

 

Which LED spots are dimmable?

Dimmable versions of each type of LED spotlight are available; this is also indicated in the title of the product and the specifications. The frontrunners, however, are the spots with a GU10, GU5.3 and G53 fitting. Want to be sure of purchasing dimmable spots? Check out our category 'Dimmable LED spots' here.

You can also choose to purchase the previously mentioned dim-to-warm light sources. In this case, you can adjust the light intensity and the light colour. If you go a step further, you end up with smart GU10 LED spots. These light sources not only have dim-to-warm technology (+ RGB colours), but can also be controlled with an app or remote control via a Wi-Fi connection. Smart GU10 LEDs can be found in the 'smart lighting' category.

 

How many light sources do I need per room?

How many LED spotlights you need depends on the light output that the light source emits and the light output that a particular room requires. Below is an overview of the required number of lumens for various environments:

  • Living room: 300 - 500 lm/m
  • Kitchen: 300 - 500 lm/m²; cooking requires a higher Lumen as food consumption.
  • Bedroom: 300 - 400 lm/m².
  • Bathroom: 500 - 600 lm/m².
  • Office or home office: 500 lm/m².
  • Hall: 300 lm/m².

An example! You buy an LED spot that emits 320 Lumen. If you place this spot above the dining table, you only need one light source per square metre. If you place this lamp above your desk, you will need two light sources per square metre.

 

How do I install a LED spotlight?

The handy thing about spotlights is that they are easy to install. Light sources with two pins at the bottom, you only need to push into the light fitting and then screw it on. Spotlights with an E14 or E27 fitting are easy to screw into the light fitting. What you do need to bear in mind is whether the light source operates on 12V or 230V. If the light source operates on 12V, you will need to use a transformer that converts the mains current into 12V. This ensures that the spotlight works correctly. View our range of transformers here.

 

Can I use these light sources outside?

If you want to use an LED spotlight outdoors, the fitting in which you place it must have the correct protection class. This is the only way to ensure that your luminaire can withstand humid weather conditions. We recommend LED luminaires with an IP value of 65. This means that the product is both dustproof and waterproof. If your LED spot has an IK value of 7 or higher, the luminaire is also shock-proof. See all LED spotlights for outdoors here.

 

Which LED spots for the bathroom?

The bathroom is a multifunctional room. You do make-up, you shave, you take a relaxing bath and so on. For all these different uses, the LED spotlights must meet specific requirements:

For basic lighting, it is best to use dimmable LED spots with 3000K. These can brightly illuminate a bathroom without daylight as well as create a cosy atmosphere in a home spa. For mirror lighting we recommend 4000K spots with high colour rendering. This is particularly important for applying make-up, because it allows you to see the colours of lipstick and the like particularly realistically in the mirror.

LED spotlight bulbs are much more energy-efficient than incandescent or halogen spotlight bulbs and last a lot longer too. The most common pin connectors are GU10 and GU5.3 (aka MR16) that operate on 230V or 12V, respectively. LED spotlights are very versatile and can be used for general or accent lighting, depending on things like the beam angle, the CRI (colour rendering index) and the colour temperature of the bulb. If you want to be able to dim your LED spotlights, make sure to choose dimmable LED spotlight bulbs. If you like the way your current spotlighting looks, choose LED spotlight bulbs with similar specifications to your existing ones.

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